Neishabour county is located in Razavi Province in north east of Iran and accommodates about half a million population. One of the most famous persons in the history of Nishapur is Omar Khayyam. Khayyam was a Persian polymath, philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and of course a poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, geography, mineralogy, music and Islamic theology. Outside Iran and Persian speaking countries, Khayyam has had an impact on literature and societies and the most influential of all was Edward FitzGerald, who made him the most famous poet by translating his Rubaiyat. Here is one of Khayyam verses:
Oh, come with old Khayyam, and leave the Wise
To talk; one thing is certain, that Life flies;
One thing is certain, and the Rest is Lies;
The Flower that once has blown forever dies
There’s also another famous Persian Muslim poet better known by his name Attar of Neishabour. He was indeed theoretician of Sufism and Hagiographer from Neishabour who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism.